In August 1900,
Chekhov, searching a creative solitude will spend here some days working
on the first act of the drama "Three sisters". Not all of Chekhov's
friends knew about the Gurzuf dacha. Only V.Komissargevskaya and I.Bunin
visited it during the owner's life. Chekhov had presented the actress
his photo with an inscription: "To Vera Fyodorovna Komissargevskaya,
August 3, on rough day, when the sea was rustled, from silent Anton
Chekhov". In 1900 and April 1901 Bunin was twice in Chekhov's dacha.
Under the will made by Anton Chekhov on August, the 3, 1901,
the Dacha in Gurzuf was given to his wife Olga Knipper, who spent here
the summer months except war time. During the civil war the actors of
the "Kachalov Group" lived here going on tour on the south of Russia.
Later S.Rechter, N.Dorleak, I.Koslovsky, O.Efremov visited this dacha.
The family of the well known researchers of the Pushkin creative
activity B.Tomashevsky and I.Medvedeva were the neighbours of Olga
Knipper. Not far from the Chekhov's dacha the composer Leo Knipper got a
small dacha. He was the author of the famous song "Polyushko-pole".
Last time O.Knipper came here from Moscow in 1953. After her death the
house was support of a House of creative activity of the artists after