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TAURIC CHERSONESOS [Chersonese, Chersonesus] ANTIQUE TOWN
[ ] 19.07.2010, 12:23

 
 
  Today, it is a  biggest in Eastern Europe island of ancient and medieval history on the territory of Sevastopol. The history of Chersonesos started in the mid-6th C. BC, when this antique city-state was founded by the Greek colonists on a rocky promontory between 2 bays, succeeded in establishing its control over the formaly independent similar city-states of north-western Tavrika Region ("Tauros" means "a  bull"), such as Kerkinitida (on the site of the present-day Evpetoria) and Kalos-Limen (settlement Chernomorskoe). By the end of the 2nd cen. BC this area was lost to the Scythians. From the mid 1st. cen. AD the city was under the protection of the Roman Empire, which was manifested by sending there legionaries and a squadron to control the key points on the coast. By the end of the 3rd cen., attacks of the warlike Germans on the northern boundaries of the empire forced the Roman garrisons out of the Crimea to the Danube.
  But the empire was not going to part with the significant outpost - she came back, but under another guise. On the map of the world appeared the first Christian state in 6th cen. AD - Byzantine, being, actually, the Eastern Roman Empire. Even when in the mid-15th cen. nothing, but the capital of Constantinopol, remained of the country, Byzantines kept on proudly calling themselves Romans, though for a long time they had spoken only Greek.
  In the renovated empire, Chersones-Cherson enjoyed a special status. It retained an administrative system inherited from its antoque period: city authorities were to be elected by its population, the city had its own mint. Cherson was not only a military-political and trading stronghold, but an ideological one, too. It was from here that Christianity spread over the vast expances of Eastern Europe.

  The year of 988 after the birth of Christ (anno Domini) opened a new epoch for Ancient Russia by having Prince Vladimir from Kiev baptized. In the first Christian temple in Kiev service was celebrated by clergy-man from Cherson of Tauris.
  Chersones-Cherson was a long-living city: it had been existing for about two millennia on end. Alas, cities, like people, have destinies of their own: they are born, live a life and pass away. At the end of the 14th cen. the last church bells chimed mass for the dead city. It could not withstand enemies` invasions and changes in the economical and political life of the Black Sea basin. Killing for Cherson turned out a shift of the trade routes to the eastern part of the peninsula, where they were fully controlled by the Genoese who kept away any rivals from the key trade routes between the civilizations of the west and the Far East.

See more on  http://www.chersonesos.org/

Caterory Name: SEVASTOPOL TOURS | User: sergoyalta
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