Three short stories from Tolstoy's military experience during the Crimean War are: "Sevastopol in December", "Sevastopol in May" and "Sevastopol in August 1855".
Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) lived in Gaspra (west of Yalta) in 1901-1902 in the cottage of Duchess Panina. There he was visited by Chekhov and Gorky, there he wrote his book "Hajyi Murat". In Gaspra Tolstoy was seriously ill. He wrote: "To understand the meaning of life, one should defeat sickness. Health is material sub- stance, there is no health without body".
At the time of September, 1901 - June 1902 Leo Tolstoy lived in Gaspra (Greater Yalta) at the Countess Panina`s estate (now the building #1 of the "Yasnaya Polyana" Sanatorium). In Gaspra he worked on the manuscript of his short novel "Khadjy Murat" (Hadji Murat), wrote articles, met A. Chekhov, M. Gorky, V. Korolenko and others masters of Russian literature. Tolstoy visited Yalta where he stayed with his daughter M. Obolenskaya at the "Omyur" Villa.
The great Russian writer came to Yalta for the first time in 1855, during the Crimean War. He was then a young officer of Russian army and a budding writer. For the second time he visited the South Coast thirty years later (1885).