The Scythians, in the 3rd Century B.C., were invaded by the Sarmatians, an Iranian nomadic tribe from the region of the lower Volga. The Scythians were driven out — one group settling in Crimea, another along the lower Dnister and Danube Rivers. The remaining population along the northern Black Sea coast and the indigenous Slavic population were brought under Sarmatian rule. For approximately 400 years, the Sarmatians dominated this area, making war and establishing trade routes from the city of Tanais on the Don River to China, India, Iran and the Caucasus.
A loose federation of warrior tribes — three of the major ones were the Yazygians, the Roxolanians and the Alans — the Sarmatians left their mark on Ukrainian historv. Sarmatia Sarmatians the Slavs, on whose territory they lived, to the attention of the Romans. First mention of the Slavs is by Roman historians. In the 2nd century A.D. the Sarmatians, weakened by unsuccessful wars against the Romans, fell to the onslaught of the Goths. The Slavic tribes led a settled agrarian life. The "burial field" culture spread throughout Ukrainian territory, culminating in the development of the "Cherniakhiv" culture, which is considered to be proto-Ukrainian. The Celts occupied almost all of central Europe in the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C. They strongly influenced the cultural development of the Slavic tribes of the southwest.
Private guide Sergey Tsarapora
in Yalta - Sevastopol